You are here

A Handbook to Classical Japanese (Bungo handobukku)

134 Handbook
John Timothy WIXTED
Publication Year: 
Publication Number: 

Emerging from materials the author developed while teaching, A Handbook to Classical Japanese draws on twenty-five years of experience in addressing problem areas for those learning the language. The work deals with the central issue of classical language, namely, "verb"-endings: specifically, the endings of verbs, verbal adjectives, pseudo-adjectives, and verb-suffixes. The Handbook treats the issue systematically, presenting 670 real-language examples, nearly 400 of which are discreetly different quotations. The work's extensive introduction walks the reader through key problem areas, with sections on "Which Verbs Belong to Which Conjugation?"' "How to 'Unpack' Bungo Verbs"; "Nari Headaches"; "Namu/Nan Trouble"; Items Easily Confused: Apparent Ambiguity"; "Respect Language" and the like. | 374 pages


  • Abbreviations
  • Acknolwedgments
  • Preface
  • Orthography
  • Introduction
  • Body of the Handbook
  • Appendices
  • Index

  • “The Handbook provides a remarkable tool not only for in-class learning but also as a highly reliable, accurate, and complete reference work for anyone engaged in Japanese studies.” — Monumenta Nipponica


  • John Timothy WIXTED is Professor Emeritus of Asian Languages at Arizona State University, where he taught Chinese and Japanese languages and literatures for more than twenty-five years. Currently retired in Michigan and pursuing research, he is the author (or translator) of four other books.

ISBN (hardcover): 
Price (hardcover): 
ISBN (paperback): 
Price (paperback):